A Biblical Model of Grieving: Hope in the Midst of Your Grief

The Big Idea: This article provides a 1,000-word summary of God’s Healing for Life’s Losses[1]. In just 1,000 words we contrast the world’s way of grieving with the Word’s way of grieving and growing.

How Do We Face Suffering?

How do we face suffering face-to-face with God rather than turning our backs on God during the grieving process? What does the journey with God look like as we find hope when we’re hurting?

In finding God’s healing for life’s losses, we have two basic options. We can turn to the world’s way. Or, we can follow the way of God’s Word.

The World’s Way: Is That All There Is?

Students of human grief have developed various models that track typical grief responses. Swiss-born psychiatrist Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, in her book On Death and Dying, popularized a five-stage model of grieving based upon her research into how terminally ill persons respond to the news of their terminal illness. Her five stages have since been used worldwide to describe all grief responses.

A Researched-Based Model of the Grief Process

  • Denial: This is the shock reaction. “It can’t be true.” “No, not me.” We refuse to believe what happened.   
  • Anger: Resentment grows. “Why me?” “Why my child?” “This isn’t fair!” We direct blame toward God, others, and ourselves. We feel agitated, irritated, moody, and on edge.
  • Bargaining: We try to make a deal, insisting that things be the way they used to be. “God, if You heal my little girl, then I’ll never drink again.” We call a temporary truce with God.
  • Depression: Now we say, “Yes, me.” The courage to admit our loss brings sadness (which can be healthy mourning and grieving) and/or hopelessness (which is unhealthy mourning and grieving). 
  • Acceptance: Now we face our loss calmly. It is a time of silent reflection and regrouping. “Life has to go on. How? What do I do now?”[2]

 Understanding the World’s Limitations

 These proposed stages in the grief process seek to track typical grief responses. However, they do not attempt to assess if this is what is best to occur. Nor could they assess, simply through scientific research, whether these responses correspond to God’s process for hurting (grieving) and hoping (growing).

 We must understand something about research in a fallen world. At best, it describes what typically occurs. It cannot, with assurance and authority, prescribe what should occur. Research attempts to understand the nature of human nature are thwarted by the fallenness of our nature and of our world.

 As Dallas Willard explains:

Secular psychology is not in an “at-best” set of circumstances. The question of who we are and what we are here for is not an easy one, of course. For those who must rely upon a strictly secular viewpoint for insight, such questions are especially tough. Why? Because we do in fact live in a world in ruins. We do not exist now in the element for which we were designed. So in light of that truth, it’s essentially impossible to determine our nature by observation alone, because we are only seen in a perpetually unnatural position.[3]

The Word’s Way: All You Need for Your Healing Journey

Understanding these research limitations, and believing in the sufficiency of Scripture, we can focus on a revelation-based model. We can address and assess the typical five stages of grieving, however, we can move beyond them.

The biblical approach to grieving and growing identifies eight scriptural “stages” in our responses to life’s losses. God’s way equips us to move through hurt to hope in Christ—from grieving to growing. We call it “Biblical Sufferology”—a scripturally wise and practically relevant understanding of suffering.

Biblical Sufferology

Sustaining in Suffering: Stages of Hurt

“It’s Normal to Hurt and Necessary to Grieve”

Stage             Typical Grief Response      Biblical Grief Response

Stage One          Denial/Isolation                         Candor: Honesty with Myself

Stage Two          Anger/Resentment                    Complaint: Honesty with God

Stage Three       Bargaining/Works                      Cry: Asking God for Help

Stage Four         Depression/Alienation              Comfort: Receiving God’s Help

Healing in Suffering: Stages of Hope

“It’s Possible to Hope and Supernatural to Grow”

Stage            Typical Acceptance Response    Biblical Growth Response

Stage Five          Regrouping                                        Waiting: Trusting with Faith

Stage Six            Deadening                                         Wailing: Groaning with Hope

Stage Seven       Despairing/Doubting                        Weaving: Perceiving with Grace

Stage Eight         Digging Cisterns                               Worshipping: Engaging with Love

The first four stages involve sustaining in suffering, which we explore in chapters two through five of God’s Healing for Life’s Losses. The second four stages relate to healing in suffering, which we explore in chapters six through nine.

Please always remember that these “stages” are a relational process, not sequential steps. Grieving and growing is not a neat, nice package. It isn’t a tidy procedure.

Grieving and growing is messy because life is messy. Moving through hurt to hope is a two-steps-forward, one-step-backwards endeavor. We don’t “conquer a stage” and never return to it.

Rather than picturing a linear, step-by-step route, imagine a three dimensional maze with many possible paths, frequent detours, backtracking, and even the ability to reside in more than one “stage” at the same time.

However, positive movement is possible. In fact, it is promised. You can find God’s healing for your losses. You can find hope in your hurt.

Whatever your grieving experience has been like up to this point, don’t quit. Don’t give up.

Join the journey. Experience the biblical reality that it’s normal to hurt and necessary to grieve. Learn how to move from denial to personal honesty (candor), from anger to honesty with God (complaint), from bargaining to asking God for help (crying out), and from depression to receiving God’s help (comfort). 

Stay on the path. Experience the biblical reality that it’s possible to hope and supernatural to grow. Learn how to move from regrouping to trusting with faith (waiting on God), from deadening to groaning with hope (wailing to God), from despair to perceiving with grace (weaving in God’s truth), and from digging cisterns to engaging with love (worshipping God and ministering to others).

God truly does provide you with everything you need for life and godliness. Through the Word of God, the Spirit of God, and the people of God, you have all you need for your healing journey.

Join the Journey

1.   What is your initial response to this eight-stage biblical approach compared to the typical five-stage approach of the world?

2.   What do you think it would be like to apply the stages of grieving (candor, complaint, crying out, and comfort) and the stages of growth (waiting, wailing, weaving, and worshipping) to your grief and growth journey?

Note: You Can Read the Blog Post of This Article at http://bit.ly/c7bArN


[1]From Bob Kellemen, God’s Healing for Life’s Losses, pp. 10, 18-19. For more information, visit: http://www.rpmministries.org/writing/gods-healing-for-lifes-losses/

[2]Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, On Death and Dying, throughout.

[3]Dallas Willard, The Spirit of the Disciplines, p. 45.

RPM Ministries, LLC
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Bob Kellemen

Founder and CEO, RPM Ministries

Bob is the Executive Director of the Biblical Counseling Coalition, the Vice President for Institutional Development and Chair of the Biblical Counseling Department at Crossroads Bible College, and the Founder and CEO of RPM Ministries. For seventeen years he served...

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